Adam Smale


Johtamisen yksikkö
029 449 8446
Wolffintie 34, 65200 Vaasa
Ankkuri 3.krs
by appointment

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Full academic CV

Twitter: @DrSmale


I am British by nationality (Guernsey, Channel Islands) and moved to Vaasa in Finland in 2004 to commence my academic career. I have been a Professor of Management and Business Administration since since 2012, and Dean of the School of Management since 2018.


I have taught on the EFMD-accredited Master's Degree Programme in International Business. Over my teaching career I have taught courses on International Human Resource Management and International Strategic Management at undergraduate, post-graduate and MBA level.

My award-winning, Bestseller teaching case is published at The Case Centre: Pushing the Right Buttons: Global Talent Management at KONE Corporation


I am a member of the Human Resource Management Research Group. My research interests focus on international HRM - more specifically HRM, talent management and careers in multinational corporations. I have published over 20 articles on these topics in leading international journals and sit on the editorial boards of Human Resource Management Journal, the Journal of Organizational Effectiveness: People and Performance and the Nordic Journal of Business.

Most recent journal publications:
View all my publications on Google Scholar

Mayrhofer, W., Smale, A., Briscoe, J., Dickmann, M., & Parry, E. (2020). Laying the foundations of international careers research. Human Resource Management Journal; 30(3): 327–342.

Andresen, M, Apospori, E, Gunz, H, et al. (2020). Careers in context: An international study of career goals as mesostructure between societies' career?related human potential and proactive career behaviour. Human Resource Management Journal, 30(3): 365–391.

Sumelius, J., Smale, A. & Yamao, S. (2020). Mixed signals: employee reactions to talent status communication amidst strategic ambiguity, International Journal of Human Resource Management, 31:4, 511-538.

Smale, A., Bagdadli, S., Cotton, R., Dello Russo, S., Dickmann, M., Dysvik, A., Gianecchini, M., Kaše, R., Lazarova, M., Reichel, A., Rozo, P., Verbruggen, M. & the Cross?Cultural Collaboration on Contemporary Careers (5C) research collaborative (2019). Proactive career behaviors and subjective career success: The moderating role of national culture. Journal of Organizational Behavior. 40(1): 105-122.

Ehrnrooth, M., Björkman, I., Mäkelä, K., Smale, A., Sumelius, J. & Taimitarha, S. (2018) Talent responses to talent status awareness—Not a question of simple reciprocation, Human Resource Management Journal, 28(3): 443-461.

Brewster, C., Mayrhofer, W., & Smale, A. (2016). Crossing the streams: HRM in multinational enterprises and comparative HRM. Human Resource Management Review, 26(4): 285-297.

Ahlvik, C., Smale, A. & Sumelius, J. (2016) Aligning corporate transfer intentions and subsidiary HRM practice implementation in multinational corporations, Journal of World Business, 51(3): 343-355.

Smale, A., Björkman, I., Ehrnrooth, M., John, S., Mäkelä, K. & Sumelius, J. (2015). Dual values-based organizational identification in MNC subsidiaries: A multilevel study. Journal of International Business Studies, 46(7): 761-783.

Sumelius, J., Björkman, I., Ehrnrooth, M., Mäkelä, K., & Smale, A. (2014) What Determines Employee Perceptions of HRM Process Features? The case of performance appraisal in MNC Subsidiaries, Human Resource Management, 53(4): 569-592.

Björkman, I., Ehrnrooth, M., Mäkelä, K., Smale, A. & Sumelius, J. (2014) From HRM practices to the practice of HRM: setting a research agenda, Journal of Organizational Effectiveness: People and Performance, 1(2): 122-140.

Mäkelä, K., Björkman, I., Ehrnrooth, M., Smale, A. & Sumelius, J. (2013) Explaining stakeholder evaluations of HRM capabilities in MNC subsidiaries, Journal of International Business Studies, 44(8): 813-832.

Chang, Y-Y. & Smale, A. (2013) Expatriate characteristics and the stickiness of HRM knowledge transfers, International Journal of Human Resource Management, 24(12): 2394-2410.

Björkman, I., Ehrnrooth, M., Mäkelä, K., Smale, A. & Sumelius, J. (2013) Talent or Not? Employee Reactions to Talent Identification, Human Resource Management, 52(2): 195-214.

Smale, A., Björkman, I. & Sumelius, J. (2013) Examining the differential use of global integration mechanisms across HRM practices: Evidence from China, Journal of World Business, 48(2): 232-240.