British by nationality (Guernsey, Channel Islands), I moved to Vaasa in Finland in 2004 to commence my academic career. I have been a Professor of Management and Business Administration since 2012, and the Dean of the School of Management since 2018.
Over a 15-year teaching career I have taught courses on International Human Resource Management and International Strategic Management at undergraduate, post-graduate and MBA level.
My award-winning, Bestseller teaching case is published at The Case Centre: Pushing the Right Buttons: Global Talent Management at KONE Corporation
I am a member of the Human Resource Management Research Group. My research interests focus on international HRM - more specifically HRM, talent management and careers in multinational corporations. I have published around 30 articles on these topics in leading international journals and sit on the editorial board of Human Resource Management Journal, Journal of Organizational Effectiveness: People and Performance and the Nordic Journal of Business.
Most recent journal publications:
View all my publications on Google Scholar
Mayrhofer, W., Smale, A., Briscoe, J., Dickmann, M., & Parry, E. (2020). Laying the foundations of international careers research. Human Resource Management Journal; 30(3): 327?342.
Andresen, M, Apospori, E, Gunz, H, Smale, A et al. (2020). Careers in context: An international study of career goals as mesostructure between societies' career?related human potential and proactive career behaviour. Human Resource Management Journal, 30(3): 365?391.
Sumelius, J., Smale, A. & Yamao, S. (2020). Mixed signals: employee reactions to talent status communication amidst strategic ambiguity, International Journal of Human Resource Management, 31:4, 511-538.
Smale, A., Bagdadli, S., Cotton, R., Dello Russo, S., Dickmann, M., Dysvik, A., Gianecchini, M., Ka?e, R., Lazarova, M., Reichel, A., Rozo, P., Verbruggen, M. & the Cross?Cultural Collaboration on Contemporary Careers (5C) research collaborative (2019). Proactive career behaviors and subjective career success: The moderating role of national culture. Journal of Organizational Behavior. 40(1): 105-122.
Ehrnrooth, M., Björkman, I., Mäkelä, K., Smale, A., Sumelius, J. & Taimitarha, S. (2018) Talent responses to talent status awareness?Not a question of simple reciprocation, Human Resource Management Journal, 28(3): 443-461.
Brewster, C., Mayrhofer, W., & Smale, A. (2016). Crossing the streams: HRM in multinational enterprises and comparative HRM. Human Resource Management Review, 26(4): 285-297.
Ahlvik, C., Smale, A. & Sumelius, J. (2016) Aligning corporate transfer intentions and subsidiary HRM practice implementation in multinational corporations, Journal of World Business. 51(3): 343-355.
Smale, A., Björkman, I., Ehrnrooth, M., John, S., Mäkelä, K. & Sumelius, J. (2015). Dual values-based organizational identification in MNC subsidiaries: A multilevel study. Journal of International Business Studies, 46(7): 761-783.
Sumelius, J., Björkman, I., Ehrnrooth, M., Mäkelä, K., & Smale, A. (2014) What Determines Employee Perceptions of HRM Process Features? The case of performance appraisal in MNC Subsidiaries,Human Resource Management, 53(4): 569-592.
Björkman, I., Ehrnrooth, M., Mäkelä, K., Smale, A. & Sumelius, J. (2014) From HRM practices to the practice of HRM: setting a research agenda, Journal of Organizational Effectiveness: People and Performance, 1(2): 122-140.
Mäkelä, K., Björkman, I., Ehrnrooth, M., Smale, A. & Sumelius, J. (2013) Explaining stakeholder evaluations of HRM capabilities in MNC subsidiaries, Journal of International Business Studies, 44(8): 813-832.
Chang, Y-Y. & Smale, A. (2013) Expatriate characteristics and the stickiness of HRM knowledge transfers, International Journal of Human Resource Management, 24(12): 2394-2410.
Björkman, I., Ehrnrooth, M., Mäkelä, K., Smale, A. & Sumelius, J. (2013) Talent or Not? Employee Reactions to Talent Identification,Human Resource Management, 52(2): 195-214.
Smale, A., Björkman, I. & Sumelius, J. (2013) Examining the differential use of global integration mechanisms across HRM practices: Evidence from China, Journal of World Business, 48(2): 232-240